Climate Restoration Info Resources
Introducing the Climate Restoration Working Paper Series!
Our Working Papers address vital, controversial topics in climate to spark discussion among people working in the field.
The first Working Paper addresses costs and effectiveness of a wide variety of carbon-dioxide removal (CDR) methods. Not all CDR methods are equally up to the task of climate restoration, and that costs may vary by a ratio of 30,000 to one. Click the link and tell us what you think!
This Working Paper provides original analysis of the effects of the 1991 Mt. Pinatubo eruption.
Within a year of the eruption, 20 gigaton of CO2 had been drawn down, keeping CO2 levels over 2 ppm lower than they would have been had not Pinatubo interrupted the long-standing upward trend. The effect lasted at least a decade.
The paper concludes that this startling drawdown could only have been prompted OIF ocean downwind of the volcano.
The speed and scale of atmospheric CO2 removal bolsters the view that intentional OIF could remove 60 Gt / CO2 a year, thus restoring our climate by 2050.
Climate Resolution—The Only Future
That Will Sustain the Human Race
THE book on climate restoration!
People around the world recognize the dire threat posed by climate change. Governments, businesses, and individuals are making commitments to shift to renewable energy sources, trim consumption, and otherwise reduce their carbon footprints.
But what if these well-intentioned steps are likely to be woefully inadequate to ensure the future health—or even survival—of the human race? What if the most popular goal being pursued by today’s climate activists—net zero carbon emissions—is actually a recipe for human disaster?
Everyone wants to restore a safe climate — one that humans have actually survived long-term. In this “pre-industrial” climate, which allowed us to develop agriculture and thriving civilizations, atmospheric CO2 never rose above 300 parts per million (ppm). Today, CO2 levels are 420 ppm. Yet now we know how to bring CO2 back down to pre-industrial levels—and could do so by 2050.
Ocean iron fertilization (OIF) appears to be the fastest, safest and most effective climate restoration solution although it initially sparked controversy. OIF replicates the way Nature lowers CO2 before ice ages.
Strategically applied, it can also restore marine life. OIF is expected to require little or no public funding—instead the process produces revenue and taxes from revived fisheries.
Restoring the climate requires removing and storing a trillion tons of legacy CO2 by 2050. Nature has stored 99 percent of all the CO2 on Earth in the form of limestone, made of calcium and CO2 by shellfish and other marine organisms. Nearly half carbon dioxide by weight, limestone is an ideal, permanent storage system for this greenhouse gas.
Synthetic limestone is already in use at the San Francisco International Airport!
Methane causes about one third of today’s global warming. It is, however, short-lived since Nature oxidizes it continuously. Using Enhanced Atmospheric Methane Oxidation (EAMO), we can accelerate the natural process and, at low cost, reduce atmospheric methane to pre-industrial levels.
Doubling the background rate of methane oxidation could rewind warming back to 2002 levels by 2050. In addition, EAMO could protect humanity in the event that methane emission from melting permafrost reaches catastrophic levels.
Adapted from Climate Restoration, this 54-page white paper shows why the goal of net-zero carbon emissions set in connection with the Paris Climate Accords is not sufficient to protect the future of humanity. Authors Fiekowsky and Douglis introduce climate restoration and describe the Big Four technologies, based on natural processes, that can remove a trillion tons of CO2 from the atmosphere—thereby restoring the climate that enabled humans to thrive throughout history.